TOCO – Theory of Change Online

Theory of Change Online (TOCO) is the only web-based software (no download required) that you can use to design and edit and store your theory of change, learn the concepts of theory of change, and capture your outcomes, indicators, rationales and assumptions in an interactive graphical environment. With TOCO you can also export your theory of change data into an excel editable worksheet which you can use as the basis for strategic planning, evaluation, work plans or systemic analysis of your organization and programs.

Sustainable Development Goals covered by this tool



Minimum stakeholder engagement: To effectively use the tool more than one person must be involved in developing the theory of change. Some fundamental knowledge of theory of change as a methodology is required to make effective use of the tool. Some engagement with the data fields beyond drawing the graphics-- i.e., take advantage of the relational nature of the outcomes, connectors, indicators, rationales and interventions.

The desired engagement approach is using the tool after one or more facilitated planning sessions involving a variety of stakeholders. A core team of stakeholders would then work collaboratively in TOCO to develop and refine the theory. The team would ideally have a full understanding of theory of change principles and practice and can fully develops the relational data fields within TOCO.

  • Integration tools for analysing interconnections, synergies, trade-offs and bottlenecks among SDGs
  • Last-mile tools to support meeting the SDGs and targets and unlocking bottlenecks for all segments of society and reaching the furthest behind first
  • Risk-informed planning toolsfor resilience building, adaptation and identifying synergies and unlocking bottlenecks
  • Static Inter-linkage Analysis Tools
  • Risk, Foresight and Scenario Tools
  • Community-based Planning, Partnership, and Multi-stakeholder Engagement Tools
  • Human Rights Mainstreaming Tools
  • Indicators and Assessment Tools
  • Peace and Conflict Analysis Tools

Diagnostics, Computer models and programmes, Programming methodologies, Sets of monitoring indicators and indices, Communication plans, Knowledge management platforms



Computer System Requirements:

Basic Computer, Internet Connection

Developed By:

ActKnowledge, Center for Theory of Change


Zabi Rahat



Center for Theory of Change

Guidance Documentation:

User Guide (English)
Getting started (English)

Supporting Literature:

Center for Theory of Change (English)