Country Programming Principles


Former Yugoslav-Republic-of-Macedonia

UN Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Agreement about the five programming principles emerged from inter-agency discussions in 2006 to revise the UNDAF Guidelines.

It is widely agreed that all five are necessary for effective UN-supported country programming that must balance the pursuit of international norms and standards with the achievement of national development priorities.

A principle gives a basis for reasoning and action. For the UNDAF, this means a principle is:

1. Universal, applying equally to all people in all countries;
2. Based in law, internationally agreed development goals and treaties, and national laws and commitments; and
3. Relevant to government-UN cooperation, everywhere and always.

This sets principles apart from priorities and goals, which are influenced heavily by contextual factors. For example, hunger may be a country priority, and something to which the UNDAF responds. Where hunger is a priority, the UNCT will use the principles
with stakeholders to:

  • Understand how the right to food and food security are addressed in national legal and policy frameworks;
  • Analyze the underlying causes of hunger, such as regional, ethnic, and gender discrimination, and the depletion of natural resources; and
  • Support a national response by assessing capacity development needs, and formulating UNDAF results that can be achieved and measured.

The principles bring value to country analysis, and they help to identify possible strategies and programme responses. Among the principles, it is important to distinguish between:

  • Three normative principles: human rights and HRBA, gender equality, and environmental sustainability; and
  • Two enabling principles: capacity development and results-based management.

The two enabling principles offer means to make the normative principles operational in the UNDAF. They help to demonstrate effectiveness and accountability for the use of UN system resources.

All five principles provide a lens, both individually and in combination, for UN engagement with and support to other national development planning processes and frameworks, such as poverty reduction strategies (PRS), sector-wide approaches (SWAPs), joint assistance strategies (JAS), and direct budget support (DBS).

Guidance Note on the Application of the Programming Principles to the UNDAF

Title
Publication Date
Files and links
Guidance Note on the Application of the Programming Principles to the UNDAF2010
Guidance Note on the Application of the Programming Principles to the UNDAF - ES2010
Guidance Note on the Application of the Programming Principles to the UNDAF - FR2010