21 May 2019 - UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres told Member States that the UN development system was becoming more cohesive, accountable, and transparent, with a new generation of UN country teams supporting countries to scale up efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Secretary-General made his remarks while presenting a key progress report to Member States that highlights the measures that have been put into place to reposition the UN development system to deliver on the 2030 Agenda — a commitment made by 193 countries to boost gains in the economic, social and environmental dimensions, ensuring that no one is left behind, by 2030. “On 1 January, we pivoted to a new era for the UN development system – and as my report observes, we are well advanced on this transformative journey,” said Secretary-General Guterres, delivering his report during the Operational Activities Segment hosted by the Economic and Social Council on 21-23 May. 2019 marked the launch of a reinvigorated, independent and empowered Resident Coordinator System, including the Development Coordination Office (DCO), a new UN Secretariat entity coordinating the work of 129 UN resident coordinators. With full gender parity, they are the designated representatives of the SG for development matters in countries, leading UN teams to more effectively support governments for the 2030 Agenda. “We are moving ahead in establishing a new generation of UN Country Teams - more integrated, responsive and accountable as they respond to country priorities and needs with updated guidance, instruments and tools,” the Secretary-General said. He added, however, that “the world is not moving fast enough to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals and to leave no one behind--and we are also losing the race against climate change.” The Deputy Secretary-General continued the open and frank discussions with Member States on 22 May, including on her report on the newly established DCO, which is the Secretariat for the UN Sustainable Development Group, with 40 agencies, funds and programmes working on development at the global regional and country levels. Tangible benefits Resident coordinators said that “changes are visible” and reforms are leading to a more cohesive UN system, during an interactive session led by the Permanent Representative of Belarus to the United Nations. Deirdre Boyd, Resident Coordinator in Thailand, said she sees a more cohesive relationship within the UN country team. “Resident coordinator office staffing is now more structured and UN country team members know what to expect from the resident coordinator office with a clear increase in our trust level,” she said, stressing that more can be done on financial transparency and data for development. Philippe Lazzarini, Resident Coordinator, Humanitarian Coordinator, Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Lebanon, said reform requires a shift in the way the UN does business, including how it engages with partners. “We need to have a more strategic engagement with our partners through the resident coordinator office,” he said, adding that his office is currently looking into setting up a group of partners to work with his UN country team. The Resident Coordinator in Bosnia and Herzegovinia, Sezin Sinanoglu, shared many immediate benefits from the reform, including 20 percent savings by gathering several UN agencies, funds and programmes to work the same house, where they also pool cars and information and technology support. She also highlighted the important role of the UN Development Programme (UNDP), which previously ran the RC System and, in spite of losing the bulk of its key leadership on the ground, fully supported a smooth transition to the UN Secretariat. To download the full set of documents click here
BY Alice H Shackelford
The 2030 Agenda is clear. If we want to contribute to change, we must engage with people to build local solutions to the problems that affect them. Here at the UN in Costa Rica, we set out to partner with citizens, civil society organizations and institutions at the local level to address urgent issues differently. For example, one of the most worrisome problems that we identified in Costa Rica is violence against women and girls, especially teen pregnancies and abusive relationships. Even though the country has a relatively low and declining teen pregnancy rate compared to the region (currently, 54 births per 1,000 girls between the age of 15-19), some regions are experiencing the opposite trend. In Talamanca, a municipality located in the southern part of the country, the birth rate among teenage girls is on the rise. Many of these pregnancies happen in the context of violence, rape, abusive relationships or child marriage and according to local organizations, sexual violence has increased over the last 10 years. Girls and adolescents are increasingly finding themselves in vulnerable conditions, jeopardizing their full development and quality life expectancy. Therefore, we at the UN in Costa Rica partnered up with local organizations to work with the young women of Talamanca to find solutions together. This work was possible within the framework of the Gender Thematic Group, with technical support from UNHCR, FAO, IOM, WHO, UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNOPS and UNFPA, who played an important role given their expertise. Perceptions matter First we wanted the local female community of Talamanca to feel safe in collaborative spaces in which they could experiment, analyse and design new solutions. This way we hoped to zoom in on the problems through a different lens. For example, we noticed a lack of responses from local institutions when it comes to addressing violence against women and girls. To address this, we worked with the women and local organizations to understand the reasons behind these gaps. We carried out two productive workshops with the support of the Public Innovation Lab of the UCR (Innovap) and invited representatives from local institutions and civil society organizations. Our conversations centered around the realities experienced by girls and their perceptions on the poor quality of the services. These conversations helped spotlight why the services that institutions and organizations are providing are failing the women and teenage girls. One of main obstacles hindering institutions and organizations to work together is the lack of effective communication and coordination among them. To address this oversight, the participants of the sessions sketched a prototype to improve the response of attention to situations of violence against girls and adolescents, including sexual violence, seeking an effective and timely coordination. This included setting up a network of young women to promote the prevention of violence against women and girls Building protection tools We worked with a group of 15 young women between the ages of 13 and 17 to apply social innovation methods to find solutions that can help prevent and eliminate and all forms of violence against women and girls; and to strengthen personal protection tools. The experiences and knowledge that the girls shared with us were key. The participants were able to co-create alternatives for the prevention of violence against women and girls. They were involved in the analysis of the problem and creation of solutions to tackle violence against women and girls from their visions and experiences. The girls mapped out the risk zones in their communities, including institutions that they consider unsafe or dangerous, as well as the main gaps in precluding institutions to respond fast. With these insights, the girls came up with a platform for women in the community, to ensure their protection through a secure virtual app. They outlined the first prototype of a Community Women's Platform, making use of its basic technological tools. Different teams scaled-up their idea by creating a portable device model connected by satellite technologies (IoT, Internet of Things) to an app. This in turn generates protection for women in violent situations. This device can be carried in many accessories (earrings, bracelets, watches, necklaces, etc.) and with a simple click, it generates an alert message to five key contacts when a woman is in danger.This app can also help women to identify danger areas in their community in real time. The first model of this prototype was built in the Female Hackathon of Satellite Technologies Limón in 2018. Improving UN programming through collective intelligence As we said before, in order to trigger a real transformation, we need to shake up the way we work. For us, this experience taught us the value of involving citizens and allow them to take an active part in the process of locally building solutions. Using social innovation tools also helped us to find substantive and precise information quickly! The next challenge for our team is to assess the scalability and sustainability strategy of the projects. We want to make sure that we will be able to continue to adapt our processes and capacities to serve the needs of citizens. We will continue to find ways to make people the heart of our mission because our best shot at changing the world is to listen to what citizens have to say.
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